Breadcrumb

Breadcrumbs show the path a reader has taken in a section and can return the reader to a higher-level page. It thus shows the reader’s location within the website’s hierarchy. Only websites with deep tree structures need breadcrumbs.

Overview

Separators are automatically added in CSS through ::before and content.

The breadcrumbs should not be used in mobile interfaces.

<nav aria-label="Vous êtes : " role="navigation">
  <ol class="breadcrumb">
    <li class="breadcrumb-item"><a href="#">Home</a></li>
    <li class="breadcrumb-item active" aria-current="page">Library</li>
  </ol>
</nav>

<nav aria-label="Vous êtes : " role="navigation">
  <ol class="breadcrumb">
    <li class="breadcrumb-item"><a href="#">Home</a></li>
    <li class="breadcrumb-item"><a href="#">Library</a></li>
    <li class="breadcrumb-item"><a href="#">Books</a></li>
    <li class="breadcrumb-item active" aria-current="page">Data</li>
  </ol>
</nav>

You will find steps indicator in the progress components.

Accessibility

Since breadcrumbs provide a navigation, it’s a good idea to add a meaningful label such as aria-label="Vous êtes : " to describe the type of navigation provided in the <nav> element, as well as applying an aria-current="page" to the last item of the set to indicate that it represents the current page.

For more information, see the WAI-ARIA Authoring Practices for the breadcrumb pattern.

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